Bosnian Genocide

From the siege of sarajevo to srebrenica

Following the death of Josip Broz Tito, leaders clinging to ethno-nationalism rose to power across Yugoslavia. Bosnia and Herzegovina, a majority Muslim republic, found itself under attack by Serb and Croat forces in a race for expansionism and power. Once considered a melting pot of cultures in which Jews, Muslims, Christians, Catholics and others lived side by side in peace…the small country found its Bosniak-Muslim population defenseless as the Serb army laid siege to its town and villages in an attempt to exterminate and “ethnically cleanse” the country of Bosnian Muslims. To find out more about how the genocide in Srebrenica and Bosnia unfolded, we have prepared a variety of resources and academic articles on the systematic and industrialised process of genocide and ethnic cleansing which took place during the Bosnian War. 

Mass Graves Uncovered

Since 1995 over 750 mass graves have been uncovered in Bosnia

The Death March

The treacherous 70 mile long journey to safety

The Bosnian Genocide Timeline

February - March
April 5
August - November

Bosnian War and Genocide- History and Analysis

What happened in Srebrenica

On 6th April 1993, the UN Security Council passed Resolution 819, declaring that Srebrenica and a 30 square mile area around the town was a United Nations Safe Area. The UN promised the people of Srebrenica safety and security. Their promises fell through as genocide began.

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Women of Bosnia

It belies the imagination: the horror of a mother as she tries in vain to protect her daughters from the attack of brutal, vicious soldiers. Elmina Kulašić pays tribute to her mother, and all the mothers of Bosnia.

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White Armband Day

50 years after the Nazi decree that Jews should wear the star of David, Bosnian Muslims were ordered to wear white armbands, as they were marked for execution.

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The Breakup of Yugoslavia

Over the course of just three years, torn by a rising wave of ethno-nationalism , the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia disintegrated into five successor states: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia, and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (later known as Serbia and Montenegro). Click on the interactive map to see how this unfolded.

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List of Victims

The names of the 8,372 victims (mostly men and boys) who were killed in the Srebrenica genocide. Abdurahmanović Hajrudin Šefko Abdurahmanović Idriz Fehim Abdurahmanović Ismet

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Sexual Violence in Bosnia

It is estimated that somewhere between 20-50,000 women were raped during the war in Bosnia. Women were imprisoned in gyms, hotels, abandoned houses, and concentration camps.

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Witnessing Genocide: Journalists & Academics

Award-winning photographers and journalists recount their experiences of witnessing a war through the lens.

Ed Vulliamy

Justice” but still no reckoning. A look at the people who feel that the crimes against them haven’t been recognised

Dr Gill Wigglesworth

The role of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.

Amel Emric

Photographer Amel Emric provides a uniquely intimate view into the lives of refugees fleeing ethnic cleansing in Bosnia-Herzegovina.

Nina Berman

An award-winning documentary photographer, travelled through Bosnia to document how rape was being used as a strategy for ethnic cleansing during the war.

Ron Haviv

This award-winning photojournalist, documented the Yugoslav Wars at length. The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) used his work as evidence for prosecuting those accused of war crimes.

Tom Stoddart

In July 1991 this award-winning photographer, travelled to Sarajevo to document the civil war that was engulfing Yugoslavia. The photographs he captured there were published across the world.